How do cracks appear in mud flats during the period of drought?

Cracks in mud flats

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have all seen the cracks crisscrossing all over the surfaces of mudflats. Ever wonder how they appear in a flat drought area? Let’s discuss in detail!

These cracks are called mud cracks or desiccation cracks. They are sedimentary structures. Although they are quite beautiful in their own way, one may wonder how they appeared in the first place.

When a mudflat dries up due to constant evaporation of water, the mud on the upper surface contracts. It sets up a uniform tension throughout the area, and as a result, a crack opens under this tension force. The material to either side is compressed perpendicular to the length of the crack. Gradually, as the squeezing builds up, the easiest way to relieve this pressure is for a new crack to open at right angles to the first one. Such rifts co-occur all over the perched flat and the result is an intricate pattern of polygons.

If the layer of mud is thin, the more rapid shrinking of the upper surface will cause the edges of the polygons to curve upward, and mud curls will appear. In a few cases, some of these cracks can be half a meter wide and double in depth. If emerging on a slope, these tubes of dried mud will simply roll away.

Mud cracks naturally appear in areas that were once saturated with water. Over time due to several reasons, the water dries out, resulting in dry sediment that leads to mud cracks. You will most probably find these cracks on abandoned river channels where the river has changed its direction of flow, floodplain muds that were once flooded, or dried ponds.

If you like to know more about this, then you can consider checking out the following:

Product
Visual
Where to Buy
Desiccation Cracks and their Patterns: Formation and Modelling in Science and Nature (Statistical Physics of Fracture and Breakdown)
notebook: a4 cute lined journal | background texture cracks soil ground drought mud
AIKENING Mud Mud Cracks Soil Dirt Rain Dry Drought Cracks Placemats Set of 4 Heat Insulation Stain Resistant for Dining Table Durable Non-Slip Kitchen Table Place Mats

 

Desiccation Cracks and their Patterns

If you are interested in learning everything about the natural phenomenon of mud cracks, then we have a great read to recommend. “Desiccation Cracks and their Patterns” is a book that explains everything about Desiccation Cracks, also known as mud cracks. This is a joint writing venture of Lucas Goehring, Akio Nakahara, and TapatiDutta. It discusses basic ideas, classical theories, and recent theoretical and experimental aspects of this phenomenon.

It treats desiccation cracks as simple, easy to comprehend structures, to more complex applied solutions. It also includes an additional reading for people who are interested in the pattern formation of these cracks. The book also covers the recent developments and important research conducted for tailoring these cracks.

All in all, this book is a superb read for geology students who want to gain the knowledge behind this wonderful phenomenon. Also, it is great for people who are captivated by the beauty these sedimentary structures spread.

Notebook: A4 Cute Lined Journal

If you are someone who finds cracks in mudflats attractive and pleasing, then this one is an excellent product for you. This is an A4 notebook that is decorated with a mud crack background on the front and back cover. It has a matte cover and features a blank white lined paper inside. The dimensions of this notebook are 8.27″ x 11.69″ (A4 size), with a total of 108 pages inside.

It is perfect for personal use as well as gifting someone you know who really appreciates the beauty of the desiccation cracks.

Mud Cracks Table Placement Mats

This product is a set of 4 table placemats each adorned with a beautiful mud cracks design. These are superb for people who appreciate natural beauty. They are also perfect for many occasions and holiday events like Halloween, Easter, and Christmas.

They are non-slip, easy to wipe, and machine washable mats. Made from high-quality 100% polyester with a single side print, they offer the best protection to your table. These mud cracks table placements mats are not just efficient, but they are long-lasting as well.

Everyone knows how messy kids can be. Now you have the benefit of decoration and protection in a single efficient placemat that imitates a beautiful natural phenomenon. Use them in your home, or give them out as a gift – these mats work great as both options.