Around 59 B.C. Acta Diurna was the first newspaper published in Rome. In 1605, the first printed weekly published newspaper was known as Relation. Johann Carolus was the editor of the Relation aller Furnemmen und gedenckwurdigen Historien that means Collection of all Distinguished and Commemorable News. Relation is recognized by the World Association of Newspapers and authors as well. They recognize it as the world’s first newspaper. The German Relation was published in Strasbourg.
It had the status of an imperial free city in the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. If the functionality defines criteria of the newspaper as publicity, seriality, periodicity, and currency or actuality, then Relation was the first European newspaper. It had a single current-affairs series published regularly but with intervals. Intervals were kept short to keep the readers abreast of incoming news.
Johann Carolus born in 1575 is known as the first German published newspaper. He chose bookbinding as his apprenticeship. Then he worked as a bookseller. Carolus worked as a scribe for a newspaper and a print shop owner. Combining all his experience and jobs, especially his job as a scribe, he had great relations with postmen and traders.
This helped him later to create the Relation aller Furnemmen und gedenckwurdigen Historien. Carolus died at the age of 59 in 1634 in Strasbourg.
Acceptance By WAN-IFRA
In 2005, Relation was accepted by the World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers (WAN-IFRA). The Carolus petition was found later in the 1980s in the Strasbourg Municipal Archive which was regarded as the birth certificate of the newspaper that so far, he received weekly news bulletins and manuscript news bulletin. It was done for the compensation of certain expenses incurred annually. He inquired each week of an annual allowance.
The copying process was slow and it was unnecessarily taking a long time, so he bought the printing house of late Thomas Jobin at a high and expensive price. He installed the same in his own home at negligible expense. It was done to save time and several weeks for printing.
He was publishing and printing the advice or the news for the twelfth time without much more effort than before. Before all this evolution and efficiency, he had to get the forms off the presses.
Other Newspapers After Relation
The Relation aller Furnemmen und gedenckwurdigen Historien was soon followed by Avisa Relation oder Zeitung and so on:
This can only mean that the history of newspapers was in a continuous development process. Moreover, the newspaper term became more and more popular throughout the entire world, and many other publications appeared in various countries under different names.
Avisa Relation oder Zeuitung
It was one of the first news-periodicals in the world after Relation by Johann Carolus. Avisa was published in Wolfenbuttel, Germany in 1609. The printer or publisher was named Lucas Schulte. It is said that the first issue states that the news was collected from various countries.
Courante uyt Italien, Duytslandt, &c.
Courante uyt Italien, Duytslandt, &c. means current events from Italy, Germany, etc. It was the first Dutch Newspaper. It was published in Amsterdam in 1618. As compared to others, it was a regular weekly publication. Importantly, it was the first broadsheet paper, because it was issued in folio size. Before this publication, all of the news periodicals were in quarto-size pamphlets.
Wöchentliche Zeitung aus mancherley Orten
It was the oldest newspaper in the Commonwealth. It included weekly news from many places. Wöchentliche Zeitung aus mancherley Orten was the oldest newspaper in Poland. The copes from 1619 are the oldest preserved copies. It was discontinued in 1652.
Nieuwe Tijdinghen, also knows as, Antwerp Gazette in English, was a weekly newspaper. Abraham Verhoeven was the owner or publisher of this newspaper. The first publication was done in 1620. It was the first Flemish newspaper. It contained news across Western and Central Europe. The format of the newspaper was a quarto booklet. This newspaper was written in the Dutch language and was published for the next 9 years. The publication was ceased in 1629.
La Gazette, originally known as, Gazette de France. It was the first weekly magazine in France. It was by Théophraste Renaudot. The first edition was published on 30 May 1631. It was the mouthpiece of one royalist faction, that is Legitimists. The publication was ceased with the rise of modern news media in 1915.
Genova, also known as Di Genova was published in Genoa from 1639 to 1646. It is one of the oldest newspapers published in Italy. Michele Castelli was the founder or publisher of this newspaper. The politic pro-Spanish faction was supported in this newspaper in the Republic of Genoa.
Milano was the first gazette of the city of Milan. It was published by Malatesta Family in 1640. It is said that it was hand-written sheets. Its editor was Filippo Velasca. He was the compiler of handwritten Avvisi in Milan in 1640. Malatesta’s having the monopoly of official publications were appointed as the official printers of government in Duchy of Milan. The publication was ceased in 1768.
Gazeta em Que Se Relatam as Novas Que Houve Nesta e Que vieram de Várias Partes
It was the first newspaper in the Portuguese language. It was published in Lisbon, Portugal. The first publication was done in 1641 by Manuel de Galhegos. Most of the scholars refer to it as Diário da Restauração Portuguesa that means the Gazette of the Portuguese Restoration. The publication of this newspaper was ceased in 1647 because of unknown 36 issues with publications.
Another edition of Genoa was again published in 1942. It was published by Gio. Maria Farroni and editors were Alessandro Botticelli and Luca Assarino. The addition in this weekly newspaper was II Sincero and II Botticelli. It supported the pro-French faction in the Republic of Genoa. It is sometimes confused with the previous version which was a pro-Spanish faction. The publication of this newspaper was ceased in 1684.
Bologna was the first newspaper published in the city of Bologna. It is considered one of the oldest newspapers in Italy. It was published in 1642 by Lorenzo Pellegrini. This newspaper included news from Italy and abroad. It was published weekly, usually on Saturday. The newspaper was composed of four pages in the double format of paper size equal to A4 size paper these days. The publication of this newspaper was ceased in 1787.
Post- och Inrikes Tidningar
Post- och Inrikes Tidningar meaning Post and Domestic Times in Swedish. It was founded by Ordinari Post Tijdender in 1645. Now it is owned by Svenska Akademien and published by Horace Engdahl. It is the government newspaper and gazette of Sweden. It is still being published in Sweden. It has become a medium of the announcement of the country’s official notification such as bankruptcy declarations or the auctions done in Sweden. It is also the largest advertiser because of Swedish Patent and Registration Office. It displays most of the advertising too.
It is the only oldest newspaper that has been used since the date in this world. Now it has switched to internet format, which means that it is available online only.
In this article, we have discussed the name of the world’s first newspaper along with some other history. Later on, we discussed some of the following newspapers that came after Relation aller Furnemmen und gedenckwurdigen Historien. These are only of one century which was published for next one or two centuries. There is a lot more newspaper that evolved after one another.