If you were given a chance to choose between being the tallest or the smallest man on Earth, what would you prefer? How is a person increase in height, and why are there extremes when it comes to height – shortest or tallest? What contributes to the increase in a person’s height? Let’s find out.
Who are the tallest men on Earth?
Do you think the tallest men in the world have jumped much more than you did every New Year’s Eve? Or is jumping every New Year really change your height?
Bao Xi Shun, a Chinese goat herder with a height of 236-cm (7-ft 8.9-in), was the tallest man living in 2005. Height is also hereditary from our parents, so did Neil Fingleton, once Britain’s tallest man had inherited being a tall man from his parents that were also very tall.
But often, the cause is the malfunctioning of the pituitary gland, which controls several of the body’s other hormone glands and helps monitor our growth rate, just like the case of the US giant Robert Wadlow. His pituitary gland was abnormally enlarged, resulting in his extraordinary height of 272 cm (8 ft 11.1 in), making him the tallest man ever.
While Turkey’s Sultan Kösen had a benign tumor on his pituitary gland, which made him be one of only a few who have ever grown beyond the 8-ft barrier.
Who are the smallest people on Earth?
On the other hand, if the people mentioned above are as tall as giraffes, there are also the smallest standing men.
The Philippines holds the record with Junrey Balawing as the world’s shortest non-mobile man who measures 59.93 centimeters. According to Guinness World Records, he is unable to walk or stand unaided.
But a reggaeton DJ Edward “Nino” Hernandez, at age 33 of Colombia, has become the world’s shortest living mobile man, standing 70.21 centimeters tall. After turning 34 on 10 May, Edward had a great new record title; one that he achieved with a height of 72.10 cm (2 ft 4.3938 in) tall.
What makes a human increase in height?
Several factors make you increase in height. Genetic is thought to be the primary factor contributing 60-80 percent of your height, and the other factors include environmental factors, such as nutrition, exercise, and sleep.
Since a person is born until his puberty stage, he gains at least about 2 inches each year. However, during puberty, a person may grow at a rate of 4 inches per year. Yet each individual grows at a different pace. Females experience puberty earlier than males do, and an adolescent boy may not experience this sudden increase in height until the end of his teenage years. After puberty, generally, stop growing taller. This means that as an adult, you are unlikely to increase your height.
However, there are some external factors you can work on to achieve the greatest potential of an excellent physiological state, including your height.
Does sleeping help you grow?
You perhaps experience the struggle of sleeping during siesta as your mother requires you to, and pretend that you are asleep in your room when she checks on you at night. She might utter, “sleep more so you will grow more.” Does sleeping help you grow more?
Our spine consists of 33 vertebrae, overlapping each other, creating a single structure to which we can walk and move in an upright posture. The intervertebral discs separate the vertebrates, allowing the movement, the flexion, the extension, and the rotation of the column.
We have an intervertebral disc, also called the intervertebral fibrocartilage, a disc-like material between each joint in our spine that allows movement of the spine and acts as a shock absorber. When we generally do our activities during the day, our intervertebral disc is squished, and we lose about 1 % of our height. But when we sleep during the night, it recovers and returns to its natural state.
Furthermore, when we sleep, especially at night, the pituitary gland releases growth hormone, which helps the body recover, rejuvenate, grow, and repair itself.
During adolescence, when you are in a deep sleep, it is said that the brain actively releases growth hormones into the bloodstream. These hormones contribute to the thickening and lengthening of our bones as we grow. However, as we grow older, the production of this hormone steadily declines.
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