CBD helps with pain, stress, and anxiety. It has all the benefits of marijuana without the high.” This is a quote taken from the American actress Jennifer Aniston.
CBD, which is short for cannabidiol, Is the chemical compound derived from the Cannabis sativa plant, commonly known as Marijuana. However, does the statement the celebrity remarked hold some truth?
To answer this question, it’s vital to understand much more about CBD, its rewarding advantages, and the testimonies of people who have seen for themselves the benefits of using CBD.
What is CBD?
Other than what was mentioned earlier, CBD is a naturally occurring substance that gives its users that highly sought for relaxing, calming, and soothing feeling. It can be present in products like edibles, topical creams, vape pens, and oils.
However, unlike THC, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, the active ingredient in Marijuana, CBD is actually not psychoactive, and thus it does not make people “high.” Because it is separate from the more detested THC, CBDs don’t usually show up on drug tests, unless the purchase has included THC in the combination. Some supplements include other chemicals or substances such as Melatonin.
CBD can be found mostly in many states, from the convenience store to shopping malls. It has been made legal by US President Donald Trump to grow hemp, but it is still dependent on each state’s policy if they devise laws against it.
Before diving into the discussion of how CBD does not make its users high, it is also necessary to clarify some of the terms. People usually hear the terms marijuana, hemp, cannabis, and CBD being tossed around, and sometimes it can get confusing.
First of all, the plant is Cannabis sativa, and it has two species: Marijuana and Hemp. These two have CBD in them, but there is a greater percentage of it found in hemp. Hemp also has lesser THC levels than Marijuana. When someone says “hemp oil,” this talks about the oil extracted from the hemp plant’s seed. There are no cannabinoids, which mean THC or CBD, in the hemp oil.
Why doesn’t CBD give a “high” feeling to those who use it?
According to Junella Chin, a medical cannabis expert, those who utilize CBD “won’t feel sedated or altered in any way.”
The Cannabis Plant, as mentioned earlier, has THC and CBD. CBD is non-psychoactive, so it won’t give those who take it a euphoria-like feeling, unlike THC. However, the term “non-psychoactive,” as used to describe CBD, may not always be accurate. This is because psychoactive is the word to entail those substances that have direct effects on brain function. The difference is that THC causes the euphoria a brain feels while CBD doesn’t and instead has very strong and powerful anti-anxiety and anti-seizure properties. CBD can be psychoactive in some sense, but it is not intoxicating.
THC is the activator of the cannabinoid 1 (CB1) receptor. Through various studies, it has been revealed that blood flow is increased in the prefrontal cortex region when the person is intoxicated with THC. This area is responsible for attention, motor skills, decision-making, and THC impacting that.
CBD, on the other hand, does not activate the CB1 receptor, and some pieces of evidence from the research reveal that it interferes with any activity with the CB1 receptor, especially when THC is present. The effects felt when CBD is absent is greater than when THC and CBD work together. Because of CBD, users would experience a lesser chance of having paranoia. Thus THC activates CB1 while CBD inhibits the negative effects.
Although it takes away the responses, most are less likely inclined to have, CBD does not always inhibit or balance all of THC’s effects. CBD actually and directly enhances the positive effects of THC. It can highlight THC-induced pain relief. CBD participates in an “entourage effect,” which is when these two work together to provide favorable results.
As more studies are being conducted to research CBD and THC, many things can be overturned or clarified. In a recent study, researchers found that there are instances when CBD can actually enhance THC’s intoxicating effects.
Cannabis sativa is indeed a complex plant that offers humans both pros and cons. With what available research has been done, people work together to get the best out of this interestingly impactful plant.